Report

The Political Economy of the 2016 Tobacco and Proposed Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Tax Increases in Colombia

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collection.link.98
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2206
collection.name.98
Other Public Sector Study
dc.contributor.author
Garcia, Maria Isabel
dc.contributor.author
Villar Uribe, Manuela
dc.contributor.author
Iunes, Roberto
dc.date.accessioned
2017-10-25T17:11:55Z
dc.date.available
2017-10-25T17:11:55Z
dc.date.issued
2017-09
dc.description.abstract
In 2008, Colombia joined the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which includes measures related to price and taxes designed to reduce supply and demand. By 2015, the overall prevalence of smokers in the country had decreased slightly but still reached 17 percent. The impact of tobacco on the mortality and quality of life of Colombians was estimated as a direct loss of more than 600,000 years of life and more than 26,000 deaths each year. The price of cigarettes in Colombia in 2015 was so low (approximately 2 US dollars per pack of 20 cigarettes), that it was higher than just one other country in Latin America and in the Caribbean. At the time, Colombia was contending with shrinking oil revenue (owing to a sharp drop in oil prices) and constantly rising public expenditure. In the health sector cost pressures stemmed, among other factors, from a change in the government's responsibility for health coverage in the subsidized system that covers the cost of health services for the country's lowest population segments. It was in this context that the government in early 2015 created a committee of experts responsible for proposing changes in the country's tax structure. This document describes the course of events that led to the phased adjustment of the tobacco tax approved by Congress in December 2016, with a view to aligning the price of cigarettes in Colombia with the Latin American average. Despite the failed attempt to introduce a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages, the discussion was framed and will most likely be renewed in the future.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/28569
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
SMUGGLING
dc.subject
SIN TAX
dc.subject
DEATH TAX
dc.subject
TOBACCO CONTROL
dc.subject
BEVERAGES
dc.subject
SUGAR CONSUMPTION
dc.title
The Political Economy of the 2016 Tobacco and Proposed Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Tax Increases in Colombia
en
dc.type
Report
en
okr.date.disclosure
2017-10-03
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Public Sector Study
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/157441507059518543/The-political-economy-of-the-2016-tobacco-and-proposed-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-increases-in-Colombia
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b0850531f0_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
28024778
okr.identifier.report
120225
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.language.supported
es
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/157441507059518543/pdf/120225-WP-P154568-ColombiaPoliticalEconomy-PUBLIC.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.country
Colombia
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Health
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Nutrition
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Public Health Promotion
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Tobacco Use and Control
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Taxation & Subsidies
okr.topic
Public Sector Development :: Public Sector Economics
okr.unit
HNP ECA Region (GHN03)

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